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英语培训:英语被动语态(中)

如同在英语培训:英语被动语态(上)所提到的,在英文被动语态中不但要转换动词的形式,还要注意视说话语意的时间点变换时态。以下就是被动式常用的不同时态表达方式 :

被动式的基本形式:be 动词 + P.P.(动词过去分词)

  1. 现在式:am / is / are + P.P.

    The house is cleaned every day.

    这房子每天都被打扫干净

    Taipei 101 is visited by hundreds of people every day.

    台北101每天都有很多人参观

    Many accidents are caused by dangerous driving.

    很多车祸都是违规驾驶造成的
     

      英语培训:英语被动语态(中)
  2. 过去式:was / were + P.P.

    The house was cleaned yesterday.

    这房子昨天有被打扫干净

    The church was built in 1885.

    这教堂是在1885年建造的

    We were all woken up by a loud explosion during the night.

    晚上的时候,我们全部都被很大的爆炸声吵醒了。

      英语培训:英语被动语态(中)
  3. 未来式:will + be + P.P.  &  be + going to + be + P.P.

    The house will be cleaned next week.

    The house is going to be cleaned next week.

    这房子下周将会被打扫干净

    The new hotel will be opened next year.

    The new hotel is going to be opened next year.

    这全新的饭店明年将会开幕

    The new highway will be completed in three months.

    The new highway is going to be completed in three months.

    这新的高速公路将会在三个月后完成

      英语培训:英语被动语态(中)
  4. 现在进行式:am / is / are + being + P.P.

    The house is being cleaned at the moment.

    这房子此刻正在被打扫

    The rooms are being painted right now.

    这些房间正在被油漆

    A new shopping center downtown is being built.

    市中心正在兴建一座全新的购物中心

      英语培训:英语被动语态(中)
  5. 过去进行式:was / were + being + P.P.

    The house was being cleaned yesterday afternoon.

    这房子当时正在被打扫

    Suddenly I heard footsteps behind me. I was being followed.

    当时我突然听见身后有脚步声,我被跟踪了。

    The farmer’s wagon was being pulled by two horses.

    当时农夫的马车正被两匹马拉着

      英语培训:英语被动语态(中)
  6. 现在完成式:have / has + been + P.P.

    The house has been cleaned since they left.

    自从他们离开后,这房子已经被打扫了。

    We have been invited to dinner by Mr. and Mrs. Johnson.

    我们已经被Johnson先生和太太邀请吃晚餐

    Have you ever been bitten by a dog?

    你曾经被狗咬过吗?

      英语培训:英语被动语态(中)
  7. 过去完成式:had + been + P.P.

    The house had been cleaned before they arrived.

    在当时他们抵达前,这房子已被打扫了。

    The mail had been delivered by the time I left for work this morning.

    今天早上我去上班前,邮件已经送来了。

    James didn’t know about the change of plans. He hadn’t been told.

    当时 James 不知道计画改变了,他没有被告知。

      英语培训:英语被动语态(中)
  8. 未来完成式:will + have + been + P.P.

    The house will have been cleaned by next week.

    这房子在下星期前就会被打扫干净了

    The project will have been completed by the end of the week.

    这星期结束前这个专案就会被完成了

    The door will have been opened before you arrive tomorrow.

    你们明天抵达前,门就已经被打开了。

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